投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:琚泽文,蔚枝沁,邓泓.水生植被恢复对城市景观水体磷浓度及沉积物磷形态的影响.湖泊科学,2015,27(2):234-242. DOI:10.18307/2015.0206
JU Zewen,YU Zhiqin,DENG Hong.Effects of aquatic vegetation rehabilitation on phosphorus in water and sediments of urban landscape waters. J. Lake Sci.2015,27(2):234-242. DOI:10.18307/2015.0206
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 3593次   下载 1815 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
水生植被恢复对城市景观水体磷浓度及沉积物磷形态的影响
琚泽文1, 蔚枝沁2, 邓泓1,3,4
1.华东师范大学生态与环境科学学院, 上海 200241;2.重庆市合川区环境监察支队, 重庆 401520;3.华东师范大学上海市城市化生态过程与生态恢复重点实验室, 上海 200241;4.华东师范大学浙江天童森林生态系统国家野外科学观测研究站, 上海 200241
摘要:
以上海市两个水生植被恢复时间为5-10年的城市景观水体为研究对象,通过分析水体理化性质以及水和沉积物磷的含量和形态,研究水生植被恢复对富营养化水体修复的长期生态效应.结果表明,水生植被恢复能有效降低水体氮、磷浓度,对水体富营养化有明显的改善作用.在外源磷的污染源得到控制后,水体磷浓度会随着修复时间的增加而逐渐降低并相对稳定.沉积物磷形态以钙磷为主,随着水生植被恢复时间的增加,生物活性较强的可交换态磷、铝磷和铁磷的含量下降,而相对稳定的钙磷所占的比例增加.研究结果还表明,即使不进行底泥疏浚,长期的水生植被恢复也可以使城市河流沉积物中内源磷释放及水体磷浓度得到有效控制.
关键词:  水生植物  恢复  沉积物  磷形态  释放  丽娃河  曹杨环浜
DOI:10.18307/2015.0206
分类号:
基金项目:上海市自然科学基金项目(08ZR1406800)资助.
Effects of aquatic vegetation rehabilitation on phosphorus in water and sediments of urban landscape waters
JU Zewen1, YU Zhiqin2, DENG Hong1,3,4
1.School of Ecological and Environmental Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, P. R. China;2.Environmental Monitoring Team of Hechuan Chongqing, Chongqing 401520, P. R. China;3.Shanghai Key Lab for Urban Ecological Processes and Eco-Restoration, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, P. R. China;4.Tiantong National Station of Forest Ecosystem, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, P. R. China
Abstract:
The paper was conducted to investigate the long term effects of aquatic vegetation rehabilitation on phosphorus in eutrophicated urban landscape waters. The results indicated that aquatic vegetation rehabilitation could effectively reduce the level of nitrogen and phosphorus in water and the eutrophication. With the control of external source, phosphorus concentration in water decreased till it reached a relatively stable state. By analysis of P fraction, Ca-P was found to be the main fraction in sediment and increased while the ratios of Ex-P, Al-P and Fe-P, which are considered more bioavailable than Ca-P, decreased with vegetation rehabilitation time. It's also indicated that long term aquatic vegetation rehabilitation was possible to effectively immobilize internal sediment P and reduce its release to water in Caoyang River, even without dredging activity.
Key words:  Hydrophyte  restoration  sediment  phosphorus fractions  release  Liwa River  Caoyang River
分享按钮