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引用本文:赵晓松,王仕刚,李梅,刘元波.鄱阳湖夏季水热通量特征及环境要素影响分析.湖泊科学,2014,26(6):955-962. DOI:10.18307/2014.0619
ZHAO Xiaosong,WANG Shigang,LI Mei,LIU Yuanbo.Energy flux measurements and environmental controls in summer over the Poyang Lake, China. J. Lake Sci.2014,26(6):955-962. DOI:10.18307/2014.0619
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鄱阳湖夏季水热通量特征及环境要素影响分析
赵晓松1, 王仕刚2, 李梅3, 刘元波1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008;2.江西省鄱阳湖水文局, 九江 332800;3.江西省水文局, 南昌 330002
摘要:
气候变化加速了全球水文循环过程,然而,气候变化如何影响水体蒸发及其水热通量交换仍然不清楚.基于涡度相关系统观测鄱阳湖水体水热通量过程,在小时和日尺度分析了水热通量的变化规律及其主要影响因子.研究表明,潜热通量日变化波动剧烈,大部分为正值,变化范围在-50~580W/m2之间.而感热通量数值较小,变化范围在-50~50W/m2之间.8月份潜热通量和感热通量均呈波动下降趋势,均值分别为167.4和15.9W/m2.8月份日平均潜热通量和感热通量之和大于净辐射,这是由于这一时段储存在水体中的热量释放并补充潜热通量和感热通量.小时尺度上潜热通量日变化在相位上与净辐射无显著相关性,而与风速显著相关.在日尺度变化趋势上,8月份日平均潜热通量仍主要受到风速和水温的影响,感热通量则主要受到风速和饱和水汽压差的影响.
关键词:  潜热通量  感热通量  水面蒸发  涡度相关  鄱阳湖
DOI:10.18307/2014.0619
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划"973"项目(2012CB417003)、中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所"一三五"战略发展规划项目(NIGLAS2012135001)、江西省水利厅科技项目(KT201121)和中国科学院"百人计划"择优支持项目联合资助
Energy flux measurements and environmental controls in summer over the Poyang Lake, China
ZHAO Xiaosong1, WANG Shigang2, LI Mei3, LIU Yuanbo1
1.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China;2.Hydrological Bureau of Poyang Lake, Jiangxi Province, Jiujiang 332800, P.R.China;3.Hydrological Bureau of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang 330002, P.R.China
Abstract:
Global hydrologic cycles have been intensified by climate change. However, the ways in which climate change affects the evaporation and surface energy budget over inland waters remain unclear. In this study, the surface energy fluxes were measured by an eddy covariance system over the Poyang Lake in August, 2013. We analyzed the hourly and daily variations of energy fluxes, and their responses to the environmental factors. The results showed that the latent heat flux (LE) has strong turbulence in diurnal variations compared with the sensible heat flux (H) over the Poyang Lake. Most of latent heat fluxes were positive values during the whole day, ranging in -50-580 W/m2. The sensible heat flux showed a weakly variance with a range of -50-50 W/m2. The daily mean latent and sensible heat flux showed a decreasing trend with a large fluctuation in August, with the daily mean LE and H of 167.4 and 15.9 W/m2, respectively. The sum of daily mean LE and H was larger than the net radiation in August, due to heat storage in water body release and supplement of LE and H. In hourly scale, the latent heat flux was out of phase with net radiation, and has a good relationship with the wind speed. In daily scale, the mean LE was mainly controlled by the wind speed and saturate vapor pressure deficit, and H was controlled by the wind speed and air temperature.
Key words:  Latent heat flux  sensible heat flux  water evaporation  eddy covariance  Poyang Lake
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