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引用本文:杨平.人与自然关系的修复——日本琵琶湖治理与生活环境主义的应用.湖泊科学,2014,26(5):807-812. DOI:10.18307/2014.0520
YANG Ping.Restoration of the relationship between human beings and nature-The application of Lake Biwa mitigation and life environmentalism. J. Lake Sci.2014,26(5):807-812. DOI:10.18307/2014.0520
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人与自然关系的修复——日本琵琶湖治理与生活环境主义的应用
杨平
日本滋贺县立琵琶湖博物馆研究部, 日本滋贺县, 草津市525-0001
摘要:
湖泊的环境、生态问题与流域社会、经济密切相关.如何从社会学的角度认识和解决湖泊所遇到的问题,越来越受到各领域研究者的关注.环境社会学一种理论如何付诸于解决环境问题的实践?尚处于探索过程之中.通过了解日本环境社会学以及生活环境主义的起源和思想,总结日本琵琶湖将生活环境主义思想应用于湖泊治理中的各种方法和实例,分析环境社会学在湖泊治理中发挥的作用.通过环境社会学在琵琶湖的治理中的经验,探讨生活环境主义在湖泊治理中可能发挥的作用.认为在下一阶段的湖泊治理中修复"人与自然的关系"将会成为重要内容.
关键词:  湖泊治理  生活环境主义  湖泊富营养化  人与自然关系  琵琶湖
DOI:10.18307/2014.0520
分类号:
基金项目:日本学术振兴会科学研究项目(22520840,24520876)资助
Restoration of the relationship between human beings and nature-The application of Lake Biwa mitigation and life environmentalism
YANG Ping
Oroshimo, Kusatsu, Shiga, Lake BIWA Museum, 525-0001, Japan
Abstract:
The environmental and ecological issues of lakes have a very close relationship with the society and its economy in the water basin. Therefore, increasing attentions have been given to how to understand and solve lake problems in a sociological way. This paper analyzed the functions of environmental sociology on lake mitigation by tracing the origins and ideology of environmental sociology and life environmentalism in Japan. Methods and examples of the mitigation of Lake Biwa using life environmentalism ideology was also noted and summarised in this paper. With the experience in mitigating Lake Biwa via environmental sociology, the function of life environmentalism in lake mitigation was discussed. Finally, it is suggested that the relationship between human beings and nature in lake mitigation during the next stage of development is going to be a crucial part of the studies and researches.
Key words:  Lake mitigation  life environmentalism  lake eutrophication  human beings and nature  Lake Biwa
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