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引用本文:万荣荣,杨桂山,王晓龙,秦年秀,戴雪.长江中游通江湖泊江湖关系研究进展.湖泊科学,2014,26(1):1-8. DOI:10.18307/2014.0101
WAN Rongrong,YANG Guishan,WANG Xiaolong,QIN Nianxiu,DAI Xue.Progress of research on the relationship between the Yangtze River and its connected lakes in the middle reaches. J. Lake Sci.2014,26(1):1-8. DOI:10.18307/2014.0101
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长江中游通江湖泊江湖关系研究进展
万荣荣, 杨桂山, 王晓龙, 秦年秀, 戴雪
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008
摘要:
自然通江的洞庭湖和鄱阳湖与长江之间形成复杂的江湖水沙交换关系,其变化影响着区域洪水灾害防治、水资源利用、水环境保护和水生态安全维护,是长江中游水问题的核心.从长江中游大型通江湖泊江湖关系的概念与内涵、江湖关系演变过程、江湖关系变化的影响因素及效应等方面,系统梳理了长江中游通江湖泊江湖关系研究的进展.针对当前研究现状和存在的问题,提出了研究江湖关系表征指标体系是正确认识江湖关系的前提;定量区分人类活动和气候变化影响的贡献率是江湖关系研究的重点和难点;深入跟踪研究三峡等重大工程对江湖关系变化的影响是一项长期任务;评估江湖关系调整背景下江湖关系的健康状况,研究以江湖水系重大水利工程群联合调度为核心的江湖关系优化调控原理,维持江湖两利的长江中游健康河湖系统格局和相互作用关系是江湖关系研究的根本目标.
关键词:  通江湖泊  江湖关系  长江  鄱阳湖  洞庭湖  三峡工程
DOI:10.18307/2014.0101
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划"973"项目(2012CB417006);国家自然科学基金项目(41171024)联合资助
Progress of research on the relationship between the Yangtze River and its connected lakes in the middle reaches
WAN Rongrong, YANG Guishan, WANG Xiaolong, QIN Nianxiu, DAI Xue
State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China
Abstract:
The complicated changing water-sediment exchange relationship between the Yangtze River and its naturally connected lakes, Lake Dongting and Lake Poyang, have affected regional flood disaster control, water resources and water environmental protection and maintenance of water ecological security, which has become the core of water problems in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. The progress of research on river-lake relationship between the Yangtze River and its connected large lakes was systematically reviewed from the point of view of the concept and connotation of river-lake interaction, the evolution process, the influencing factors and effects of changing river-lake relationship. Based on the problems in current research, the following research issues were proposed:how to define a comprehensive index for the river-lake relationship is the premise to correctly understand the relationship between rivers and lakes; how to quantify the effects of human activities and climate change contributions is the emphasis and difficulty of research on the river-lake relationship; it is a long-term task to track the impact of the Three Gorges Project on the river-lake relationship; and it is the ultimate goal to maintain healthy river-lake system pattern in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River which benefits both the Yangtze River and its connected lakes based on the optimization and controlling principles on joint operation of hydraulic engineering group for large river-lake water systems.
Key words:  Lakes connected with the Yangtze River  river-lake relationship  Yangtze River  Lake Poyang  Lake Dongting  Three Gorges Project
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