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引用本文:张迪,雷光春,龚成,王忠锁.基于COI基因序列的太湖新银鱼遗传多样性.湖泊科学,2012,24(2):299-306. DOI:10.18307/2012.0220
ZHANG Di,LEI Guangchun,GONG Cheng,WANG Zhongsuo.Genetic diversity of Neosalanx taihuensis based on mitochondrial COI sequences. J. Lake Sci.2012,24(2):299-306. DOI:10.18307/2012.0220
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基于COI基因序列的太湖新银鱼遗传多样性
张迪1,2, 雷光春1, 龚成3, 王忠锁2
1.北京林业大学自然保护区学院, 北京 100083;2.首都师范大学生命科学学院, 北京 100048;3.天鹅洲白暨豚国家级自然保护区, 石首 434400
摘要:
利用线粒体细胞色素C氧化酶I(COI)分子标记分析长江中下游太湖新银鱼(Neosalanx taihuensis)8个地理种群132个样本的遗传多样性.该基因630 bp片段的碱基序列共检出8个核苷酸变异位点(变异率1.27%),其中局域性单倍型居多(75%),群体单倍型多样性较高(h=0.576±0.036),而核苷酸多样性较低(π=0.00112±0.00204).不同地理种群遗传多样性差异显著:有人工移植历史种群遗传多样性较高、隔离度较高的种群遗传多样性较低,但大部分的遗传变异来自于种群内(54.83%),反映出地理隔离和人为干扰对太湖新银鱼遗传格局影响显著.研究表明COI基因适于银鱼科鱼类物种鉴别和系统发育研究,同时可为同种种群间遗传关系分析提供一定的信息.
关键词:  太湖新银鱼  长江  线粒体COI  遗传多样性  生命条码
DOI:10.18307/2012.0220
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(30570290);北京市自然科学基金项目(8112010);北京市教委科技计划项目(KM201110028011)联合资助
Genetic diversity of Neosalanx taihuensis based on mitochondrial COI sequences
ZHANG Di1,2, LEI Guangchun1, GONG Cheng3, WANG Zhongsuo2
1.School of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, P. R. China;2.College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, P. R. China;3.Swan Oxbow National Reserve for Lipotesvexillifer, Shishou 434400, P. R. China
Abstract:
Neosalanx taihuensis is an annual fish with commercial importance. This species is endemic to China, occurring in inland waters affiliated to the eastern-flowing rivers southern to the Yellow River, e. g. the rivers of Yellow, Huaihe, Yangtze, Ou and Pearl etc. Among these river basins, the Yangtze River tests to be the most important region for this species with the highest fishery stocks and the most populations, and thus to be the core area for its conservation and sustainable exploitation. In the near decades, however, N. taihuensis decreased severely with most of the natural populations extinguished economically or even ecologically. The local population extinction infers that the species' genetic diversity must have suffered bad influence and some genetic types must have lost as result. To test this presumption, we conducted an icefish-specific investigation in the mid-lower reaches of Yangtze River during August, 2006. Totally eight populations were sampled and used in the followed experiment on their genetic diversity. Based on the gene diversity of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I(COI), we mainly focus on two points:1) to find out the genetic diversity in single population and among populations for understanding the genetic status of wild N. taihuensis in the river basin, 2) to check the suitability of COI gene for DNA barcoding study in the family of Salangidae. We selected 132 specimens, representing eight different geographic populations in the mid-lower Yangtze River basin, and analyzed their base sequences of COI gene. Among the 630 bp nucleotide sequence of COI gene, eight(1.27%) was variation sites, contributing to eight gene haplotypes. Although the number of gene haplotype and the nucleotide diversity index(π=0.00112 ± 0.00204) were not high, haplotype diversity(h) was fairly rich(h=0.576 ± 0.036) in the populations at river basin scale. Taking spatial distribution pattern into account, most gene haplotypes distributed in spatially narrow region with quite low occurrence incidences of 12.5% or 25.0%, occurred in one or two lakes respectively. Haplotype richness in each population varied significantly from each other, with a high fixation index. The least haplotypes occurred in the two highly isolated lakes of Dongting and Liangzi, and the highest haplotype richness occurred in the two lakes with icefish introduction histories. This result indicates that a high inter-population variation existed in the studied region. So we concluded that wild populations of N. taihuensis have suffered great ecological isolation, although they are geographically near to each other. Comparing with several other salangid fishes, e. g. Protosalanx hyalocranius, Hemisalanx brachyrostralis and N. oligodontis, the inter-specific genetic distance was 4.443%, amounting to some 35 times of that in N. taihuensis populations(0.125%). Compared with other fish taxa, such as Coilia, Culter, Oncorhynchus and Salmo, the intra-specific genetic distance was much smaller within N. taihuensis populations(< 1%). In conclusion, the COI gene is good and suitable to DNA barcode study in species identifying and systematic study, and can be useful in the assessment, monitoring and conservation management of icefish genetic diversity.
Key words:  Neosalanx taihuensis  Yangtze River  COI  genetic diversity  DNA barcode
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