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引用本文:王志杰,李畅游,李卫平,张生.内蒙古呼伦湖水量平衡计算与分析.湖泊科学,2012,24(2):273-281. DOI:10.18307/2012.0216
WANG Zhijie,LI Changyou,LI Weiping,ZHANG Sheng.Calculation and analysis of water balance in Lake Hulun, Inner Mongolia. J. Lake Sci.2012,24(2):273-281. DOI:10.18307/2012.0216
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内蒙古呼伦湖水量平衡计算与分析
王志杰1, 李畅游1, 李卫平1,2, 张生1
1.内蒙古农业大学水利与土木建筑工程学院, 呼和浩特 010018;2.内蒙古科技大学能源与环境学院, 包头 014010
摘要:
根据呼伦湖的实际水文过程,计算1963-1980年月水量平衡,在此基础上,分析库容与径流、径流+降雨、径流+降雨-蒸发的相关性.利用累积和分析水位、径流、降雨、蒸发年均值的突变情况,进而重点论述了2000年后水位持续降低的原因.同时,探讨各水平衡项的年内分布规律及相互关系.结果表明,2000年后水位的急剧降低是气候变化(暖干化)造成的.河川径流对水位的影响程度最大,其次为湖面降雨.每年4、5月,冰封期积累的降雪融化渗入地下补给湖泊,其他时间则由湖泊补给地下水.
关键词:  水面蒸发  水量平衡  呼伦湖  累积和
DOI:10.18307/2012.0216
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51069007,50969005,40901262);内蒙古自然科学基金项目(2010MS0713,2010MS0611);内蒙古自治区重大项目;内蒙古教育厅科研项目(NJ09051)联合资助
Calculation and analysis of water balance in Lake Hulun, Inner Mongolia
WANG Zhijie1, LI Changyou1, LI Weiping1,2, ZHANG Sheng1
1.Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering College, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010018, P. R. China;2.School of Environment and Energy Resources, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou 014010, P. R. China
Abstract:
The correlation between the storage capacity and runoff, runoff + precipitation, runoff + precipitation-evaporation was analysed at the basis of monthly water balance calculation in the period of 1963 and 1980 according to the real hydrological processes of the research site. At the same time, the intermediate-term changes in the mean value of water level, runoff, precipitation and evaporation were detected with the cumulative sum technique in order to find the reason of water level dropping after 2000. Meanwhile, the distribution and mutual relations of water balance terms in a year was analyzed. Results show that:climate change exhibited a warmer and dryer trend in recent years that might be the major cause for water resources deficit after 2000. The crucial influence on water level comes from runoff, followed by precipitation on the water surface. In April and May of each year, accumulated melt water infiltrate the soil and then recharge the lake, while in the other time the groundwater recharged by the lake.
Key words:  Open water evaporation  water balance  Lake Hulun  the cumulative sum technique
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