投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:包红军,赵琳娜,李致家.淮河具有行蓄洪区河系洪水预报水力学模型研究.湖泊科学,2011,23(4):635-641. DOI:10.18307/2011.0421
BAO Hongjun,ZHAO Linna,LI Zhijia.Hydraulic model for flood forecast of river basin with flood diversion and flood retarding ar-eas of Huaihe River. J. Lake Sci.2011,23(4):635-641. DOI:10.18307/2011.0421
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 3345次   下载 1340 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
淮河具有行蓄洪区河系洪水预报水力学模型研究
包红军1,2, 赵琳娜1,2, 李致家3
1.中国气象局公共气象服务中心, 北京 100081;2.国家气象中心, 中国气象局, 北京 100081;3.河海大学水文水资源学院, 南京 210098
摘要:
针对淮河流域河系特点, 建立淮河具有行蓄洪区河系洪水预报模型.干流河道洪水演进采用一维水动力学模型, 钐岗分流量利用分流曲线法推求, 利用虚拟线性水库法解决大洪水时支流洪水受干流顶托作用, 临淮岗闸作为水力学模型的内边界条件进行处理, 利用分流比法概化行洪过程, 行洪区内只有蓄满时, 才会有出流, 行洪区内的洪水利用Muskin-gum法进行洪水演进;由于蓄洪区进洪与出流均有闸门控制, 因而作为水库处理, 蓄洪区内不考虑洪水演进, 只进行水量平衡以判断进洪或者出流.以淮河干流王家坝至鲁台子河系为例, 建立淮河具有行蓄洪区河系水力学模型, 并与淮河具有行蓄洪区河系水文学模型在淮河2003-2008年洪水进行对比验证检验.结果表明, 所建立的淮河具有行蓄洪区河系洪水预报水力学模型在淮河洪检验取得较好的预报效果, 也证明了所建模型的合理性。
关键词:  洪水预报  分流比法  一维水动力学模型  Muskingum法  行蓄洪  淮河
DOI:10.18307/2011.0421
分类号:
基金项目:公益性行业(气象)科研专项项目(GYHY200906007,GYHY201006037)资助
Hydraulic model for flood forecast of river basin with flood diversion and flood retarding ar-eas of Huaihe River
BAO Hongjun1,2, ZHAO Linna1,2, LI Zhijia3
1.Public Meteorological Service Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, P.R.China;2.National Meteorological Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, P.R.China;3.College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P.R.China
Abstract:
Hydraulic model of Huaihe River with flood diversion and flood retarding areas was developed for flood forecast.The in-put flood discharge hydrograph from the main channel to the flood diversion area is estimated with the fixed split ratio of the main channel discharge.The Muskingum discharge routing method is applied in the flood diversion area,and outflow can generate only after it reaches full storage.The flood flow inside the flood retarding area is calculated as a reservoir and inflow and outflow are cal-culated based on the water balance equation.Taking complex river basin between Wangjiaba and Lutaizi stations with flood diver-sion and flood retarding areas of Huaihe River as an example,with taking the Linhuaigang Project as inside boundary in flood rou-ting,Hydraulic model of Huaihe River based on one-dimension hydraulic model was developed.In order to testify the performance and rationality of the developed model,the representative flood events from 2003 to 2008 were forecasted with the developed hy-draulic model.Results show that the developed model performs well and is reasonable.
Key words:  Flood forecast  split ratio  one-dimension hydraulic model  Muskingum  flood diversion and flood retarding  Huaihe River
分享按钮