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引用本文:李青,张落成,武清华.太湖上游水源保护区生态补偿支付意愿问卷调查——以天目湖流域为例.湖泊科学,2011,23(1):143-149. DOI:10.18307/2011.0121
LI Qing,ZHANG Luocheng,WU Qinghua.Questionnaire survey on willingness to pay about ecological compensation of Lake Tianmu catchment, Taihu Basin. J. Lake Sci.2011,23(1):143-149. DOI:10.18307/2011.0121
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太湖上游水源保护区生态补偿支付意愿问卷调查——以天目湖流域为例
李青1,2, 张落成1, 武清华1,2
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
摘要:
在天目湖流域建立生态补偿机制, 形成上游生态保护激励机制, 对于太湖流域水环境改善有着极为重要的作用.本文通过问卷调查的方式, 首先, 调查了解天目湖流域居民对环境保护和生态补偿的认知状况, 得出天目湖流域居民环境保护意识很强, 生态补偿需求旺盛.其次, 对居民和旅游者的生态补偿支付意愿进行了解.最后, 对最大支付意愿公式进行改进, 在原有水费反哺的基础上结合了旅游者门票反哺的最大支付意愿, 算出天目湖流域生态补偿总额为12924.08万元.同时生态补偿不仅仅是物质或货币的补偿, 更重要的是从国家与省市层面上对天目湖这一重要生态功能区给予一定的政策倾斜。
关键词:  水源保护区  生态补偿  支付意愿  天目湖流域  太湖流域
DOI:10.18307/2011.0121
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院知识创新T程项目(KZCX2-YW-339)和国家自然科学基金项目(40971072)联合资助
Questionnaire survey on willingness to pay about ecological compensation of Lake Tianmu catchment, Taihu Basin
LI Qing1,2, ZHANG Luocheng1, WU Qinghua1,2
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Linmobgy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P.R.China
Abstract:
It is important for improving water quality of Lake Taihu that ecological compensation mechanism and incentive mechanism for upstream ecological protection is carried out in Lake Tianmu catchment.Firstly, we acquainted of residents' cognitive status of environmental protection and ecological compensation in Lake Tianmu catchment, and found a strong environmental protection awareness and a great ecological compensation demand.Then, we investigated the willingness to pay for ecological compensation of both local residents and visitors.Finally, we improved the original formula of the greatest willingness to pay.We summed up a total ecological compensation amount of 12924.08 thousand yuan in Lake Tianmu catchment by integrating the greatest back-feeding willingness of tourist tickets to pay into water fee regurgitation-feeding.It was not enough for ecological compensation merely at the material or monetary compensation, and more important way of Lake Tianmu catchment ecological compensation was that some policy inclination of this important eco-function areas from both state and provincial level.
Key words:  Water protected area  ecological compensation  willingness to pay  Lake Tianmu catchment  Taihu Baain
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