投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:钱晓莉,冯新斌,闭向阳,何天容,郭艳娜,付学吾,李平.贵州省草海表层水体和沉积物间隙水中汞的含量和形态分布初步研究.湖泊科学,2008,20(5):563-570. DOI:10.18307/2008.0503
QIAN Xiao-li,FENG Xin-bin,BI Xiang-yang,HE Tian-rong,GUO Yan-na,FU Xue-wu.Concentrations and distributions of mercury species in surface water and porewater of Lake Caohai, Guizhou Province. J. Lake Sci.2008,20(5):563-570. DOI:10.18307/2008.0503
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 7354次   下载 4131 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
贵州省草海表层水体和沉积物间隙水中汞的含量和形态分布初步研究
钱晓莉1,2, 冯新斌2, 闭向阳2,3, 何天容2,3, 郭艳娜2,3, 付学吾2,3, 李平2,3
1.贵州大学资源与环境工程学院, 贵阳 550003;2.中国科学院地球化学研究所环境地球化学国家重点实验室, 贵阳 550002;3.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
摘要:
运用金汞齐-冷原子荧光光谱法(CVAFS)和气相色谱技术(GC),对贵州省草海不同水文季节(枯水期和丰水期)表层水中汞的各种赋存形态,包括总汞(HgT)、溶解态汞(HgD)、活性汞(HgR)、颗粒态汞(HgP)、总甲基汞(MeHgT)、溶解态甲基汞(MeHgD)和颗粒态甲基汞(MeHgP)以及沉积物间隙水剖面中的溶解态总汞和甲基汞含量进行了测定.结果显示:草海表层水体总汞浓度为1.7-9.0ng/L,活性汞浓度为0.06-1.4ng/L,总甲基汞浓度为0.11-0.67ng/L.沉积物间隙水中溶解态汞浓度为8.6-39.6ng/L,溶解态甲基汞浓度为0.11-4.9ng/L.实验数据表明,草海湖水以溶解态汞为主,其占总汞的比例为枯水期87%,丰水期51%,溶解态汞与总汞呈显著相关(丰水期<0.01;枯水期<0.05),颗粒态汞与总汞也呈显著相关(丰水期<0.01;枯水期<0.05).溶解态甲基汞与总甲基汞呈显著相关(丰水期<0.01;枯水期<0.05),表明溶解态甲基汞控制总甲基汞的分布.沉积物间隙水溶解态汞与溶解态甲基汞浓度明显高于上覆水体,表明沉积物为草海湖水中汞的一个重要来源.
关键词:  汞形态  表层水  间隙水  含量分布  草海
DOI:10.18307/2008.0503
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(40532014)资助
Concentrations and distributions of mercury species in surface water and porewater of Lake Caohai, Guizhou Province
QIAN Xiao-li1,2, FENG Xin-bin2, BI Xiang-yang2,3, HE Tian-rong2,3, GUO Yan-na2,3, FU Xue-wu2,3
1.College of Resources and Environment, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550003, P.R.China;2.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550002, P.R.China;3.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P.R.China
Abstract:
Concentrations and distributions of various mercury (Hg) species, including total Hg (HgT), dissolved Hg (HgD), reactive Hg (HgR), particulate Hg (HgP), total methylmercury (MeHgT), dissolved methylmercury (MeHgD), and particulate methylmercury (MeHgP) in surface water and porewater of the sediment collected from Lake Caohai during the flood and dry seasons were analyzed by using CVAFS and GC techniques. The concentrations of HgT ranged from 1.7 to 9.0ng/L, HgR from 0.06 to 1.4ng/L, and MeHgT from 0.11 to 0.67ng/L in surface water, respectively. In the sediment porewater, the concentrations of HgD varied from 8.6 to 39.6ng/L, and MeHgD ranged from 0.11 to 4.9ng/L. The Hg species in surface water was mostly dominated with dissolved forms with an average of 87% of HgT in dry flow period and 51% of HgT in flood flow period, respectively. The HgD and HgP forms were significantly correlated with HgT. The MeHgD were positively correlated to MeHgT, showing that distributions of MeHgT were controlled by MeHgD. Concentrations of HgD and MeHgD in porewater were higher than that obtained in the underlying water, which suggestted that the sediment was a dominant Hg source to the lake.
Key words:  Mercury species  surface water  porewater  concentrations and distributions  Lake Caohai
分享按钮