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赵海超,王圣瑞,金相灿,步青云,刘景辉.黑藻对沉积物及土壤中不同形态磷的利用与转化.湖泊科学,2008,20(3):315-322. DOI:10.18307/2008.0308
ZHAO Hai-chao,WANG Sheng-rui,JIN Xiang-can,BU Qing-yun,LIU Jing-hui.Availability and transferring of phosphorus forms by Hydrilla verticillata in the sediment and soil. J. Lake Sci.2008,20(3):315-322. DOI:10.18307/2008.0308
黑藻对沉积物及土壤中不同形态磷的利用与转化
Availability and transferring of phosphorus forms by Hydrilla verticillata in the sediment and soil
投稿时间:2007-03-13  修订日期:2007-08-03
DOI:10.18307/2008.0308
中文关键词: 沉积物  磷形态  沉水植物  黑藻  可利用性
Keywords: Sediments  phosphorus forms  submerged plant  Hydrilla verticillata  availability
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2002CB412304)资助.
作者单位
赵海超 中国环境科学研究院湖泊生态环境创新基地/国家环境保护湖泊污染控制重点实验室, 北京 100012;河北北方学院农业科学系, 张家口 075131 
王圣瑞 中国环境科学研究院湖泊生态环境创新基地/国家环境保护湖泊污染控制重点实验室, 北京 100012 
金相灿 中国环境科学研究院湖泊生态环境创新基地/国家环境保护湖泊污染控制重点实验室, 北京 100012 
步青云 中国环境科学研究院湖泊生态环境创新基地/国家环境保护湖泊污染控制重点实验室, 北京 100012 
刘景辉 内蒙古农业大学农学院, 呼和浩特 010018 
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中文摘要:
      利用同一区域湖泊和河流沉积物及土壤培养黑藻,运用化学连续提取法对底质中磷的不同形态进行分离,同时分析黑藻生物量及底质中上覆水和间隙水中磷浓度的变化,并对底质中生物可利用磷进行了估算,揭示沉水植物对底质中不同形态磷的利用与转化规律.结果表明,底质中弱吸附态磷、可还原性磷(RSP)是黑藻利用的主要磷形态;土壤与沉积物相比不利于黑藻生长,营养水平高的河流沉积物有利于黑藻初期生长,但容易使其早衰;沉积物作底质上覆水和间隙水磷浓度主要受底质中RSP含量的控制;土壤作底质上覆水和间隙水磷浓度主要受弱吸附态磷控制;黑藻能促进底质中磷向可利用态转化;黑藻对土壤中生物可利用磷的利用率比沉积物低.
Abstract:
      Availability of phosphorus forms of submerged plant in the sediment and soil has been studied using the submerged plant Hydrilla verticillata culturing in different trophic sediments and soil. Different phosphorus forms in sediments and soil were separated by the chemical sequential extraction methods, at the same time the biomass of Hydrilla verticillata, concentrations of phosphorus in overlying water and in interstitial water were also analyzed. Amount of the bioavailable particular phosphorus was estimated by the formula of age available particular phosphorus. The results showed that labile phosphorus (P) and reducible soluble phosphorus (RSP) were the main phosphorus forms for Hydrilla verticillata utilization. The sediment is beneficial for the growth and fade of Hydrilla verticillata at the growth early stage. Phosphorus concentrations of the overlying water and interstitial water were affected mainly by the RSP concentrations in sediments. Phosphorus concentrations of interstitial water in soil were affected mainly by its labile P concentrations. The submerged plant Hydrilla verticillata promoted available phosphorus transforming, and its utilization rate for available particular phosphorus in soil is lower than that in sediments.
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