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引用本文:Heike HARTMANN,Stefan BECKER.三峡工程影响的初步评价.湖泊科学,2003,15(Z1):249-254. DOI:10.18307/2003.sup31
Heike HARTMANN,Stefan BECKER.Critical Discussion of the Three Gorges Project's Consequences. J. Lake Sci.2003,15(Z1):249-254. DOI:10.18307/2003.sup31
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三峡工程影响的初步评价
Heike HARTMANN, Stefan BECKER
Department of Geography, University of Giessen, D-S5590 Giessen, Germany
摘要:
全世界都在评论三峡工程的修建,这些评论经常是不太客观的.本文从正负两方面对三峡工程进行了讨论,重点在防洪工程和区域经济方面.作者认为修建三峡工程作为发电的功能远大于防洪的功能.尽管上游来的洪峰经过三峡水库调蓄后能够被削弱.但中游的洪水风险仍然很大.一般而言,中游地区的洪水是大降水事件的产物.三峡工程不可能完全控制中游的洪水.三峡水库发电对中国中部及周边地区经济的可持续发展将产生积极作用,也将能确保东部沿海地区尤其是上海市电能的供给.
关键词:  三峡工程  长江  洪水  区域经济
DOI:10.18307/2003.sup31
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Critical Discussion of the Three Gorges Project's Consequences
Heike HARTMANN, Stefan BECKER
Department of Geography, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
Abstract:
the realization of tlie Three Gorges Project (TGP) is discussed all over the world. These discussions are often not objective. In this paper the main positive and negative aspects of the TGP are described. There is a focus on its flood control function and the economy of the region surrounding the reservoir. All in all, it can be pointed out that power generation, as an argument in favour of the realization of the TGP is more convincing than the argument of flood protection. Although flood waves from the upper reaches of the Yangtze River can be cut, there will still be a high risk of floods in the catchment of the middle reaches. Generally, these floods are the result of strong precipitation in this region and they cannot be prevented by the TGP and the storage capacity management which is planned. The generation of power will have a positive influence on the economic development of Central China and besides will secure the energy supply of the prosperous cities along the East Coast, especially of Shanghai.
Key words:  Three Gorges Project  Yangtze River  floods
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