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引用本文:王云飞,潘红玺,吴庆龙,黄群.人类活动对洱海的影响及对策分析.湖泊科学,1999,11(2):123-128. DOI:10.18307/1999.0206
WANG Yun-fei,PANG Hong-xi,WU Qing-long,HUANG Qun.Impacts of Human Activity on Erhai Lake and Countermeasures. J. Lake Sci.1999,11(2):123-128. DOI:10.18307/1999.0206
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人类活动对洱海的影响及对策分析
王云飞, 潘红玺, 吴庆龙, 黄群
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008
摘要:
针对洱海生态环境问题,1996-1997年间通过系列动态资料分析、环境现状调查和水、土、生物取样测试等方法进行湖泊人为影响和对策研究结果显示1980-1986年持续降低水位给洱海留下灾难性后果;近年来资源过量开发和面源污染又使洱海面临富营养化威胁究其主导原因是人类活动的强度远超过湖泊13身调节能力和湖泊系统急剧变化的外在表现建议选择旅游和供水为洱海的主导功能并采取相应人工调控对策,使人类开发活动逐步纳入流域社会经济和生态环境协调发展的轨道.
关键词:  洱海  人类活动  环境破坏  对策
DOI:10.18307/1999.0206
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院湖沼专题研究项目
Impacts of Human Activity on Erhai Lake and Countermeasures
WANG Yun-fei, PANG Hong-xi, WU Qing-long, HUANG Qun
Naming institute of Geography Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
Abstract:
The impacts of human activity on Erhai Lake and their countermeasures were analysised from 1996 to 1997 in view of the deterioration of ecological environment. First, the limitation of lake resources and fragility of ecological environment wee noted after studying the background of geology and geomorphology as well as the conditions of hydrology and meteorology in the lake basin area. The major human impacts in the historical preiod involeved in the enhanced deposition, lake shrinkage and water level decline which were caused by lumbering, expansive utilization of land. Human activities in the past 50 years have damaged the lake environment seriously with the development of civilization. The successive low water level from 1980 to 1986 has lead to a disastrous consequences on Lake Ahoy. In recent years, over-exploitation of resources, industrial pollution, wide use of chemical fertilizer and discharge of domestic wastewater etc., have accelerated eu-trophication in the lake. Obviously, the intensity of human activity has surpassed the capacity of re-adjustment of the lake ecosystem. Hence, it is necessary to determine main functions of the lake in consideration of present conditions. In this paper, we suggest that tourism and supply of water be the main functions. Then, such measures as control of water volume balance, of nonpoint pollution, recovery of vegetation in the lake basin area and development of ecological agriculture should be adopted to protect the lake environment. Furthermore, human actively must he regulated in harmony with development of social economy and ecological environment through scientific administration.
Key words:  Erhai Lake  human activity  environment damage  countermeasures
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